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CRJ 330 Week 5 Mid Term

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CRJ 330 Week 5 Mid Term -

Question 1

A murder in Germany would be investigated by the:

 

  • Schutzpolizei.

 

  • Kriminalpolizei.

 

  • Bereitschaftspolizei.

 

  • Bundesgrenzschutz.

 

 

Question 2

Which of the following is not a form of community policing:

 

  • privatization of police.

 

  • COMPSTAT.

 

  • Zero Tolerance policing.

 

  • Intelligence Based Policing.

 

 

Question 3

A resident of rural Japan could expect regular visits from the local:

 

  • koban.

 

  • chuzaisho.

 

  • chusai-san.

 

  • kidotai.

 

 

Question 4

Tasks of Japanese officers who work in local police stations include:

 

  • marriage and divorce counseling.

 

  • organizing volunteer crime control organizations.

 

  • alcohol addiction counseling.

 

  • all of these

 

 

Question 5

Civil order control in Germany is the responsibility of the:

 

  • Schutzpolizei.

 

  • Kriminalpolizei.

 

  • Bereitschaftspolizei.

 

  • Bundesgrenzschutz.

 

 

Question 6

The French and German arrangements for civil order control are similar in that:

 

  • both have separate divisions to handle civil order control.

 

  • both require recruits to train for and perform civil order work before going on street patrol.

 

  • both require civil order police to live in barracks.

 

  • both a and c

 

 

Question 7

A citizen apprehended during a riot in rural France is most likely to be arrested by a member of the:

 

  • Police Nationale.

 

  • Gendarmerie Nationale.

 

  • Compagnies Republicains de Securite.

 

  • Gendarmerie Mobile.

 

 

Question 8

In which model nation is both deviance control and civil order control performed by regular street police?

 

  • England

 

  • France

 

  • Germany

 

  • Saudi Arabia

 

 

Question 9

Law that is developed by modern states in their legislatures or through their regulatory process that deals largely with the relations between government and citizens is:

 

  • Private Law.

 

  • Civil Law.

 

  • Public Law.

 

  • Criminal Law.

 

 

Question 10

Islamic criminal law is based on the ideal of:

 

  • rehabilitation.

 

  • retribution.

 

  • deterrence.

 

  • incapacitation.

 

 

Question 11

The legal tradition based on codification of laws is:

 

  • Civil Law.

 

  • Socialist Law

 

  • Common Law.

 

  • Islamic Law.

 

 

Question 12

The primary characteristic of Common Law that distinguishes it from Civil Law is:

 

  • the scope of subject matter.

 

  • the complexity of application.

 

  • its influence on legal education.

 

  • its reliance on precedent.

 

 

Question 13

Under Shari’a, what is the punishment of last resort?

 

  • death

 

  • imprisonment

 

  • amputation

 

  • banishment

 

 

Question 14

Criminal Law becomes a means for punishing unacceptable behavior at work under:

 

  • Civil Law.

 

  • Socialist Law.

 

  • Common Law.

 

  • Islamic Law.

 

 

Question 15

Law that regulates behavior between individuals is:

 

  • Private Law.

 

  • Public Law.

 

  • Criminal Law.

 

  • Secular Law.

 

 

Question 16

Socialist Law emphasizes:

 

  • communal values over individualism.

 

  • competition over cooperation.

 

  • treatment over punishment.

 

  • both a and c

 

 

Question 17

With greater knowledge of comparative crime trends, governments can make better decisions about the allocation of resources and

 

  • Why crime is so high in their own countries

 

  • Why some nations are more successful at controlling crime rates

 

  • How many prisons to consider building

 

  • Which television programs and movie to censor

 

 

Question 18

How do the actions that become “international crimes” reach that status?

 

  • Based on legal agreements between countries

 

  • Based on legal precedents that develop over time

 

  • They are actions against the peace and security of mankind

 

  • All of these

 

 

Question 19

Which of the following is the least likely to be a transnational crime?

 

  • Money laundering

 

  • Drug trafficking

 

  • Burglary

 

  • Computer crime

 

 

Question 20

How can an international crime occur within a single country?

 

  • It cannot happen

 

  • It can happen when an international crime occurs within a single nation

 

  • It can only happen in the case of genocide

 

  • Do I have a life-line?

 

 

Question 21

Politicized justice refers to a situation where

 

  • Politicians are placed in charge of the criminal justice system

 

  • Justice occurs only for those holding political office

 

  • The criminal justice system focuses on political crimes

 

  • The criminal justice process is subverted to achieve political ends

 

 

Question 22

What is “ethnocentrism”?

 

  • Belief in the superiority of one’s own culture, country, or ethnic group

 

  • The failure of different ethnic groups to reach a middle ground in understanding

 

  • The central ethnic groups are those from middle Asia

 

  • A new rock group from the middle of Ethiopia

 

 

Question 23

It is said that the world has become much more interdependent in that actions and events in one place affect many others in faraway places. This phenomenon is called..

 

  • The Internet

 

  • Globalization

 

  • Cybercrime

 

  • Ethnocentrism

 

 

Question 24

The term “culture” in this course refers to

 

  • The level of sophistication of a country

 

  • Deep-seated patterns of thought and behavior that developed over time

 

  • The role of women and minorities in a society

 

  • The spread of bacteria in a particular geographic area

 

 

Question 25

The crimes that are included in the UN surveys include:

 

  • All violent and property crime

 

  • Murder, rape, robbery, assault, theft

 

  • Burglary, larceny, motor vehicle, arson

 

  • Murder only

 

Question 26

There are three ways to count crime. They involve the perspectives of:

 

  • The police, courts, corrections

 

  • The police, victims, offenders

 

  • Victims, witnesses, criminals

 

  • Snap, crackle, pop

 

 

Question 27

The first attempts to collect data on crime internationally occurred

 

  • During the 1700s

 

  • During 1800s

 

  • During the 1900s

 

  • Has not yet occurred

 

 

Question 28

Why do some countries not engage in counting crimes?

 

  • Some are in post-conflict or civil war situations

 

  • Some lack expertise and technical ability

 

  • Some believe crime reporting will hurt the country’s economy

 

  • All of these

 

Question 29

The primary reason why victims do not report crimes to police around the world is:

 

  • Offense not seen as serious

 

  • Fear of reprisal

 

  • Dislike of police

 

  • No insurance

 

 

Question 30

With greater knowledge of comparative crime trends, governments can make better decisions about the allocation of resources and

 

  • Why crime is so high in their own countries

 

  • Why some nations are more successful at controlling crime rates

 

  • How many prisons to consider building

 

  • Which television programs and movie to censor

 

 

Question 31

Of the six “model” countries discussed in the book, which has the lowest crime rates across the board?

 

  • Japan

 

  • United States

 

  • England

 

  • France

 

 

Question 32

According to the data produced by the ICVS (International Crime Victim Surveys), the United States has a victimization rate ________ to that of other Western countries.

 

  • Similar

 

  • Much higher compared

 

  • Much lower compared

 

  • Studying can be unhealthy

 

 

Question 33

Which of the following is not a part of England’s parliament?

 

  • The Monarch

 

  • The House of Lords

 

  • The House of Commons

 

  • The House of Councillors

 

 

Question 34

The King in Saudi Arabia takes advice from what non-legislative body:

 

  • Royal council.

 

  • Shura

 

  • council of ministers

 

  • Mintaquah council.

 

 

Question 35

The primary crime problem in Japan is:

 

  • juvenile crime.

 

  • domestic violence.

 

  • organized crime.

 

  • economic crime.

 

 

Question 36

Japanese stress on harmonious and nonconflictual relationships is reflected in:

 

  • private industry.

 

  • government.

 

  • social life.

 

  • all of these

 

 

Question 37

Power in Germany is:

 

  • centralized in the federal government.

 

  • decentralized in the state governments.

 

  • centralized in the executive branch of the government.

 

  • distributed between the federal and state governments.

 

 

Question 38

The Basic Law of Germany:

 

  • describes a system of checks and balances on government organs.

 

  • contains a bill of rights.

 

  • establishes a law-making constitutional court.

 

  • all of these

 

 

Question 39

The three types of crime in the French penal code are:

 

  • serious felonies, less serious felonies and misdemeanors, and violations.

 

  • felonies, misdemeanors, and liabilities.

 

  • serious felonies, less serious felonies and misdemeanors.

 

  • felonies, misdemeanors and grievances.

 

 

Question 40

The basic principles of the Criminal Law in France come from:

 

  • the Criminal Law Act.

 

  • the Criminal Justice Act.

 

  • the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

 

  • the Magna Carta.

 

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